Chinese island plans to ban the sale of fossil fuel-powered vehicles by 2030

In a statement, the provincial government vowed to be “at the forefront of the country” and to be “the top student in carbon neutralization work”, to demonstrate a beautiful calling card when exchanging on climate change internationally.

“By 2030, there will be a complete ban on the sale of petrol vehicles across the island,” it said.

All newly purchased or replaced public vehicles will run on clean energy by 2025, the statement said.

The statement set out the tropical island’s carbon neutrality plan, which includes measures such as reducing coal use and developing more renewable energy infrastructure, including wind, wave, solar, geothermal and nuclear power.

By 2025, Hainan aims to provide 55% of its total energy capacity from non-fossil fuels, which will increase to 75% by 2030. The province, the smallest of China, is Home to over 10 million people.
Governments around the world have introduced similar measures and targets in recent years as the climate crisis intensifies. BritainFor example, the U.S. has also set a deadline of 2030 to ban new gasoline and diesel cars, with sales of some new hybrids continuing until 2035.
European Union (EU) earlier this year announced plans to only allow zero-emissions new vehicles to be registered from 2035, although the proposals need approval by the EU Parliament and MPs in the EU Council before they can take effect. Is.
on Thursday, california Regulators are expected to issue rules banning the sale of new gasoline cars by 2035.

“The transportation sector is the number one contributor to greenhouse gas emissions,” Margo Oge, board chair of the International Council on Clean Transportation, told CNN. He said electrification of the transport sector would “save many lives.”

China’s carbon puzzle

China has boosted sales of electric vehicles in recent years, and the Chinese government said earlier this year It aims to establish sufficient charging infrastructure to support over 20 million cars.

In September 2020, Chinese leader Xi Jinping announced that the country would be carbon neutral by 2060.

Although his government took drastic measures such as closing hundreds of coal mines in early 2021, power shortages led to massive domestic blackouts and factories to cut production, disrupting supply chains to China. inspired. boost coal production Again. Coal production reached a monthly high of 385 million metric tonnes till December last year.

Xi also softened his tone on carbon emissions, suggesting that Chinese leaders understand the challenges of their goals.

“The carbon peak and carbon neutrality cannot be realized overnight,” Xi said in an online speech at the World Economic Forum in January. “Through concrete and stable steps, China will pursue a gradual step-down of conventional energy in order to find reliable replacements in new energy.”

However, even as the national government falters on its carbon emissions policies, the effects of climate change have become impossible to ignore as China grapples with record rainfall and incredible heat waves this summer.

The rainy season broke records in parts of the country, with heavy flooding and landslides in southern China, killing dozens and displacing millions.

China turns to coal due to power shortage due to record heatwave
Meanwhile, a Ongoing In June, a heat wave engulfed northern China, before engulfing half the country. The southern province of Sichuan, famous for its rich water resources, has suffered droughts and heat waves. forced factories to close and subway stations to dim the lights to save energy.

The Yangtze River has dried up in many parts of the country, affecting six provinces along the vital waterway and threatening water supplies for thousands of people.

To reduce the power crisis, China once again… enhanced coal production and imports to generate electricity – making the country even more dependent on coal. On 3 August, daily thermal coal consumption reached a record 85 lakh metric tonnes.